First as tragedy, then as farce

Hermeneutics is a wider discipline which includes written, verbal, and nonverbal communication. Exegesis focuses primarily upon texts. Hermeneutic, as a singular noun, refers to some particular method of interpretation (see, in contrast, double hermeneutic).

basic feature of the private lifestyle of the superrich is fear - fear of external social life itself; philanthropism reduces disease exposure to violent crime etc near shanghai is a replica of a small english town complete with sainsburies; for higher class only and society in which the lower class does not exist - the counter-pole to a slum the rich of sao paolo use helicopters to avoid slums

“truth is partial, accessible only when one takes sides, and is no less universal for this reason” the only way to grasp what is new is to analyse the world thru the lense of what was ‘eternal’ in the old

dust rape mongol joke

Leftists have hitherto only succeeded in soiling those in power, whereas the real point is to castrate them

what a guy lol

Capitalist Socialism

demonstrations took place all until financial crash in 2008; it was not an unpredictable surprise

the stock market is like a game in which one has to choose several pretty girls from 100 pix and the winner is the one who chooses girls closest to the average choices

markets are based on beliefs and beliefs about others beliefs

we throw $700 billion at a problem instead of thinking about why it arose in the first placer

bailout = moral hazard; if insured one takes more risks or in extremis destroys to get the bailout (set fire to a lossmaking pub)

powerful do the choosing, others take the risks without choice

what is good for wall street is not necessarily good for main street, but main street cannot thrive if wall street is sickly; moral hazard and a priori advantage to wall street

trickle down economics: lower class are not productive members of society, so give the upper class cash to lend to the lower class

mali produces highest quality cotton, cows but the financial support usgov gives its own cotton farmers is larger than the entire state budget of mali ; eu subsidises every cow with 500 eur a year ; subsidisation destroys economies of third world produce

market configurations are always regulated by political decisions

bailout is political blackmail

cause of bailout was ‘benevolent’: after dotcom bust gov facilitated real estate investment to avoid recession the primary immediate effect of financial crisis is: racist populism, war, increased poverty in 3rd world countries, greater division between rich and poor

crises cause people to return to considering the basis of the ruling ideology; more violently reasserteed - shock doctrine massive human rights violations committed with the deliberate intent of terrorising the public or intro of free market reform e.g. Iraq was attacked with shock and awe so the country could be established as a free market paradise; people being so traumatised as to have no opposition

utopian totalitarians blame their failure on compromise and demand nothing less than more radical application

Marxism: central task of ruling capitalist ideology in a crisis is to impose blame not on capitalism but on secondary and contingent deviations parallell when socialism was failing - claiming that it was not the true socialism such that it would be reformed rather than overthrown continuing the dream

Economists have two institutions: artificial and natural.

  1. artificial: feudalism
  2. natural: bourgeoise (capitalism functions on the laws of nature) much like every theologian establish two kinds of religion: an invention of men or their own which is an emanation of god

Sorman says that economics is almost a fully tested science: when a country was split in two: Korea, Germany with unambiguous results. proposes neuroeconomics, who behave both rationally and irrationally (note he thinks the state is no more rational than the individual) Greens borrow the vocabulary of science to make imaginary enemies; religion in which nature jas precedence over man capitalism saved us but no one wants to martyr themselves for it, it is not given to dreaming - WRONG WRONG WRONG secure and protect capitalism in a democratic society despite its imperfectiono contradiction between state and economic liberalism; indispensble minimum of social security

(ecological movement is the communism of the 21st century) anticapitalism + pagan naturalism

zizek: notion of capitalism as a neutral social mechanism is ideology at its purest global dimension above religion guaranteeing a meaningful life to those who participate in meaningless capitalist machine

Badiou’s basic paradox of propaganda:

  • The goal of enemy propaganda is not to annihilate an existing force (police, army), but to annihilate an unnoticed possibility of the situation
  • This possibility is also unnoticed by those who conduct the propaganda, since its features are to be simultaneously immanent (inherent) to the situation and not to appear in it

Thus enemy propaganda against radical emancipatory politics is cynical, because it accepts that our situation is the least bad and any change will only make things worse

ordinary people who vote for less tax and less regulation are voting for what would ruin them; destruction of small business by large, less federal help for small businesso

farmers/blue collar vs lawyers bankers large companies has been transposed into honest hard working christian americans and homo liberal ‘elite’

madoff’s scheme is representative of the whole financial meltdown: he knew, the very dynamic of capitalism blurs the line between legitimate and wild speculation; borrowing from the futureo

cheap moralisation of injunction to fight against excessive greed and consumption, an ideological operation: the compulsion inscribed into the system is translated into a matter of personal individual sin. but the self propelling circulation of Capital remains the ultimate real of our lives, a beast that cannot be controlled. “I know very well the risks I am courting, and even the inevitability of the final collapse [I can put off the collapse a little longer, add a bit more risk indefinitely]” it is a self blinding irrationality strictly correlative to the lower classes voting against their own interests

like love, ideology is blind - even if the people caught up in it are not

current era claims itself post ideological; ideology is always struggling to appropriate past tradition

liberal freedoms were hard won by lower classes thru struggle in 20th century, not a natural result of capitalism

our most elementary experience of subjectivity is ‘what i really am’ is in contrast to the symbolic determinations assumed in public life stories we tell ourselves serve to obfuscate the true ethical dimension of our acts humanisation serves to give us the further sense that the inner life is further from reality; i.e. when a human feels empathy why do they continue - “duty”

toxic people lilian grass

potstmodern makes people or subjects toxic e.g. terrorist or child abuser

emergency state increasingly employed to keep normal runing of things

sicily fishermen saved migrants drowning and were put in prison, no action taken against those who actively beat them away and let them die homo sacer - excluded from civil order and can be killed

berlusconi so successful because people relate (identify with him as like a regular italian) to him, while he destroys the idea that politics is apart from the borgeouis - in italy it becomes these using their powers directly creates laughter, but his laughter is more like the insane laughter of an insane while he is what he appears to be, the appearance remains deceptive

in kung fu pandal, the panda is chosen to save the city, the pseudo-oriental spiritualism is constantly being uindermined by a vulgar-cynical sense of humour. however, this continuous self-mockery does not impede the efficiency of the oriental spiritualism- the film ultimately takes the butt of its jokes seriously.

niels bohr horseshoe “i don’t believe in it either, but i was told it still works if you don’t believe in it’; nobody takes justice or democracy seriously, we know it is corrupt but we participate anyway; participate and display belief, because we assume they work even if we dont believe in them

fear of toxic Other is the (truth) and obverse of our empathy with other-reduced-to-fellow-man

three successive spirits of capitalism: 1. entrepreneurial spirit 2. salaried director of a large firm (1930s+) 3. network based organisation founded on autonomy and employee initiative (1970+); teams projects instead of clear hierarchy, focused on customer satisfaction

and thus developed into egalitarian seeming, usurping self management from left into capitalist slogano

we now buy commodities for the experience and resulting pleasure and meaning () not on account of utility or status

Lacanian triad:

  1. The Real of direct utility
  2. The Symbolic of status
  3. Imaginary of pleasure and meaningful experience

Starbucks: adverts tell you to buy into the coffee ethic rather than the coffee: care for environ, social responsibility, and a place/socieety

Particular brands with social missions; Ethos water raises money but it costs 5c mmore than in other places so still profit motive

superego aspect of ‘non repressive’ hedonism e.g. “to ensure that you ejoy your stay, smoking is banned. infringement will incur a charge of £200”; you are to be punished for refusing to fully enjoy your stay

response to revolt in 1968 was to widen range of what was permitted but without actually giving anyone any more power; permissive society those in power know the differnce between a right and a permission; a right gives access to the exercise of power at the expense of another power. permission doesnt diminish the power of the one who gives it, but doesnt augment he who hets it (jean claude milner

populism operates on the frustrated non-understanding public who simply want it to stop; a refusal to engage in the complexity of a problemo

radically emancipatory politics is active, while populism is fundamentally reactive (to disturbance); mobilising crowd afainst the corrupt external agent

“it is horrific not to know the past and yet be able to impact the future” - Leonardo Padura

radical freedom (you are what you make yourself) induces existential anxiety; echo of postmodern capitalist choicemaking

endless process of consumerist self-recreation