• Socrates
    • “a stupid man’s report of what a smart man says is never accurate, because he unconsciously translates what he hears into something he can understand” - russell
    • put to death at 70 for not worshipping gods and teaching kids the evil
    • ‘apology’
    • basically hated sophists (pre-lawyers, who taught greeks to win arguments, particularly in court, by talking fancy)
    • guided by an oracle
    • mastery over mind and body (perfect orphist), ascetic
    • maintained that he knew nothing
    • virtue <-> knowledge
    • ‘always pretends he is only eliciting knowledge already possessed by the man he is questioning, on this ground he compares himself to a midwife. asking leading questions’
    • platonic dialogue
    • socratic method, we already have enough knowledge to come to a right conclusion but have failed through confusion of thought or lack of analysis. to make the best logical use of what we know.
      • useful for finding logical inconsistency but not great when you want to uncover new facts