Correlatives

Basic forms (some)

  • ia - some kind of
  • ial - for some reason
  • iam - sometime (at some time, ever)

  • ie - somewhere (or anywhere)
  • iel - somehow (or any way)
  • ies - someone’s (or anyone’s)

  • io - something
  • iom - to some extent, a little

  • iu - somebody (or anybody)

Prefixes

  • k-
    • For questions, e.g. kia is ‘what kind of?’
  • cx-
    • For ‘every,’ e.g. kie is ‘everywhere’
  • nen-
    • For ‘none,’ e.g. nenial is ‘for no reason’
  • t-
    • For a particular thing, e.g. ties is ‘that person’s’
  • dis-
    • Dispersal, e.g. dissendi is ‘broadcast’
  • eks-
    • Former, e.g. eksedzo is ‘ex-husband’
  • fi-
    • Wicked, e.g. fipolitikisto is ‘corrupt politician’
  • pra-
    • Ancient, e.g. praulo is ‘ancient person, caveman’

Suffixes

  • ruĝa red
    ** ruĝigi to make something red
    ** ruĝiĝi to become red, to blush

  • bela beautiful
    ** beligi to make something beautiful
    ** beliĝi to become beautiful

can also be applied to verbs e.g.

  • manĝi to eat
    ** manĝigi to make someone eat, to feed

  • -er
    • Tiny piece of, e.g. panero is ‘breadcrumb’
  • -um
    • No definite meaning…
  • -end
    • Must be done, e.g. skribenda is ‘must be written’
  • -ing
    • Holder for a single item, e.g. kandelingo is ‘candlestick’
  • -obl
    • Multiplication, e.g. duobla is ‘double’
  • -op
    • Group, e.g. triopo is ‘group’